AWS WHC-5.01:2015

AWS WHC-5.01:2015

Chapter 1 - Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys

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Détails

Aluminum and Aluminum Alloys
Scope : Aluminum (Al), one of the most plentiful elements mined from the earth, is found in its oxidized form in bauxite, which, when refined, yields 40% to 60% alumina (aluminum oxide, Al2O3). The aluminum is separated from the oxygen using the Hall-Hйroult electrolysis process, which was invented in 1886. This process made possible the production of aluminum on an industrial scale, increasing availability and drastically reducing the cost from the prevalent price of $600/lb in the years before. Aluminum usage in the world has grown exponentially since then, driven by the development of new joining technology and new applications. Aluminum is highly ranked among the most useful metals known to manufacturers and fabricators. The strength of some aluminum alloys exceeds that of mild steel, aluminum can be cast, rolled, stamped, drawn, spun, stretched, or roll-formed. It can be hammered, forged, or machined with ease and speed, or extruded into a wide variety of shapes, then it can be given an equally wide variety of mechanical, electromechanical, chemical, or paint finishes. Aluminum retains good ductility at subzero temperatures, is highly resistant to corrosion, and is not toxic. It has good electrical and thermal conductivity, is highly reflective of heat and light, and is nonsparking and nonmagnetic. The properties of aluminum and aluminum alloys are valuable for critical applications in the space and aircraft, marine, and automotive industries, for structural applications, for vessels and storage tanks, and are also vital for countless consumer products. Processes to weld aluminum continue to improve and have contributed to the widespread use of this remarkable material. Most of the common joining methodsâ??welding, brazing, soldering, adhesive bonding, and mechanical fasteningâ??can be used to join aluminum.1 All processes, except mechanical fastening, are discussed in this chapter, a brief section on aluminum cutting is also included

Informations supplémentaires

Auteur American Welding Society (AWS)
Edité par AWS
Type de document Manuel
ICS 77.120.10 : Aluminium et alliages d'aluminium
Nombre de pages 133
Mot-clé WHC-5.01, Reference Material, Aluminum, Alloys